Background/purpose: The purposes of this study were to develop smile measurements for lateral and oblique view photographs to help in orthodontic analysis and treatment planning, to quantitatively evaluate the relationship between smile esthetics and different types of malocclusion using lateral and oblique view photographs, to identify the cephalometric factors affecting smile measurements. Materials and methods: Patients who came to orthodontic department of a university hospital from 2014 to 2017 and met the inclusion criteria were included and divided into three groups according to Angle's classification. Thirteen variables were measured for cephalometric analysis. Twenty-one variables were developed and measured on pretreatment photographs for lateral and oblique smile analysis. ANOVA and Scheffe post hoc test were used to compare cephalometric and smile variables among three groups. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify cephalometric factors affecting smile measurements. Results: Three-hundred and ninety patients (287 females, 103 males) with mean age of 24.5 ± 7.6 years reached the criteria. All cephalometric variables differed significantly among three groups. Except for maxillary teeth exposure number, visible maxillary width, and lip thickness ratio, all smile variables differed significantly. Smile characteristics had significant correlation with some cephalometric measurements. Conclusion: Smile patterns on the lateral and oblique view photographs can be affected by different types of malocclusion. Therefore, we suggest to include lateral and oblique smile view photographs in the data collection for orthodontic treatment planning.
ASJC Scopus subject areas