Background: Soluble receptor for advanced glycation end-products (sRAGE) and advanced glycation end-products (AGE) have been associated with risks of cardiovascular disease. Because sRAGE is regarded as a scavenger to AGE, we hypothesized that the ratio of AGE to sRAGE (AGE/sRAGE) is associated with albuminuria in hypertensive patients. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 104 patients with essential hypertension were recruited. Hypertension was defined as a systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg, a diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg, or use of antihypertensive treatment. Albuminuria was defined as albumin excretion rate 20 μg/min. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association between AGE/sRAGE and albuminuria. Results: Among the 104 patients, 30 (28.8%) patients had albuminuria and 74 (71.2%) patients did not. Patients with albuminuria had higher AGE (2.15 vs. 1.71 μg/mL), lower sRAGE (424.5 vs. 492.5 pg/ml) and higher AGE/sRAGE (3.79 vs. 3.29 μg/pg) than those without albuminuria. Multivariate logistic regression model revealed that AGE/sRAGE (OR = 1.131, 95% CI = 1.001-1.278, P = 0.048) was independently associated with albuminuria. There was no significant relationship between AGE and sRAGE alone with albuminuria. Conclusion: This study suggests that the ratio of AGE to sRAGE may be a surrogate biomarker for microvascular injury. Further prospective studies of the prognostic value of the ratio in relation to microvasular injury are needed.
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