This article elucidates the role of stereotactic radiosurgery for the management of central neurocytoma. This rare intraventricular tumor is usually benign and is best treated with surgical excision if the tumor is large and symptomatic. However, some distinctive neuroimaging features are found in this tumor that help to identify the tumor based on detailed MRI and computed tomography examinations. The cumulative experience shows that single-session radiosurgery using Gamma Knife radiosurgery is an effective and safe alternative treatment of incidental central neurocytoma. After radiosurgery, a serial MRI examination performed every 6months for long-term follow-up is necessary to monitor radiosurgical response of the tumor.
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