The knowns and unknowns of callose biosynthesis in terrestrial plants

Yves S.Y. Hsieh, Mu-Rong Kao, Matthew R. Tucker

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審


Callose, a linear (1,3)-β-glucan, is an indispensable carbohydrate polymer required for plant growth and development. Advances in biochemical, genetic, and genomic tools, along with specific antibodies, have significantly enhanced our understanding of callose biosynthesis. As additional components of the callose synthase machinery emerge, the elucidation of molecular biosynthetic mechanisms is expected to follow. Short-term objectives involve defining the stoichiometry and turnover rates of callose synthase subunits. Long-term goals include generating recombinant callose synthases to elucidate their biochemical properties and molecular mechanisms, potentially culminating in the determination of callose synthase three-dimensional structure. This review delves into the structures and intricate molecular processes underlying callose biosynthesis, emphasizing regulatory elements and assembly mechanisms.
期刊Carbohydrate Research
出版狀態已發佈 - 4月 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分析化學
  • 生物化學
  • 有機化學


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