The effect of monoamine oxidase-B inhibitors on the alleviation of depressive symptoms in Parkinson's disease: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

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7 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

BACKGROUND: Depression is a major nonmotor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, few treatments exist for PD depression. Monoamine oxidase-B inhibitors (MAOB-Is) provide symptomatic relief for the motor symptoms of PD and exert antidepressive effects. The present meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigated the effects of MAOB-Is on depressive symptoms in patients with PD.

METHODS: Articles on PD-management-related RCTs using one of three MAOB-Is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, that is, selegiline, rasagiline, and safinamide, were identified. The primary outcomes were the benefits of MAOB-Is for depressive symptoms. Subgroup analysis included the effects of MAOB-Is on patients in the early versus middle-to-late stages of PD and the effect of short-term versus long-term treatment.

RESULTS: Overall, six studies were included, four of which were conducted on patients with early stage PD. Overall, MAOB-Is significantly reduced the severity of depressive symptoms [standardized mean difference (SMD): -0.14, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.21 to -0.06, p 
CONCLUSION: In addition to the treatment of PD motor symptoms, MAOB-Is may help reduce the severity of depressive symptoms in PD, especially in patients with early stage PD. Considering the tolerability and simultaneous benefits of MAOB-Is, further RCTs are warranted to confirm their therapeutic effects in moderate-to-severe PD depression.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)2045125320985993
期刊Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
11
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2021

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