The associations among peptic ulcer disease, Helicobacter pylori infection, and abdominal aortic aneurysms: A nationwide population-based cohort study

Chia Wei Hong, Hsiao Ya Tsai, Chi Hsiang Chung, Jen Chun Wang, Yu Juei Hsu, Chih Yuan Lin, Chin Wang Hsu, Wu Chien Chien, Shih Hung Tsai

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Background: There are overlapping risk factors and underlying molecular mechanisms for both peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Despite improvements in the early diagnosis and treatment of AAA, ruptured AAAs continue to cause a substantial number of deaths. Helicobacter pylori are Gram-negative, microaerophilic bacteria that are now recognized as the main cause of PUD. H. pylori infection (HPI) is associated with an increased risk of certain cardiovascular diseases. HPIs can be treated with at least two different antibiotics to prevent bacteria from developing resistance to one particular antibiotic. Methods: We conducted a population-based cohort study using the National Health Insurance Research Database to evaluate whether associations exist among PUD, HPI, and eradication therapy for HPI and AAA. The primary outcome of this study was the cumulative incidence of AAA among patients with or without PUD and HPI during the 14-year follow-up period. Results: Our analysis included 7003 patients with PUD/HPI, 7003 patients with only PUD, and another 7003 age-, sex-, and comorbidity-matched controls from the database. We found that patients with PUD/HPI had a significantly increased risk of AAA compared to those with PUD alone and matched controls. The patients who had PUD/HPI had a significantly higher cumulative risk of developing AAA than those with PUD and the comparison group (2.67 % vs. 1.41 % vs. 0.73 %, respectively, p < 0.001). Among those patients with PUD/HPI, patients who had eradication therapy had a lower incidence of AAA than those without eradication therapy (2.46 % vs. 3.88 %, p = 0.012). Conclusions: We revealed an association among PUD, HPI, and AAA, even after adjusting for age, sex, comorbidities, and annual medical follow-up visits. Notably, we found that HPI eradication therapy reduced the incidence of AAA among patients with PUD.
原文英語
期刊Journal of Cardiology
DOIs
出版狀態接受/付印 - 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 心臟病學與心血管醫學

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