From the acetone extract of fresh betel nuts, two procyanidin pentamers, two procyanidin tetramers and three procyanidin trimers, along with (+)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, procyanidin A-1, procyanidin B-1, procyanidin B-2, and procyanidin B-7 were isolated. Based on 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectral data as well as the results of thiolysis degradation, the chemical structures of two series of oligomeric arecatannins A and B have been established. The arecatannins from betel nuts were found to be condensed-type tannins which possess (-)-epicatechin unit and (+)-catechin units. All arecatannins had C4-C8 linked (-)-epicatechin in the upper units whereas the (+)-catechin in the terminal unit had C4-C8 or C4-C6 linkage.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化學 (全部)