SK2, a nitrated [6,6,6]tricycle derivative with an n-butyloxy group, showed selective antiproliferation effects on oral cancer but not on normal oral cells. This investigation assessed for the first time the synergistic antiproliferation potential of cisplatin/SK2 in oral cancer cells. Cell viability assay at 24 h showed that a low dose of combined cisplatin/SK2 (10 M/10 g/mL) provided more antiproliferation than cisplatin or SK2 alone. Cisplatin/SK2 triggered also more apoptosis inductions in terms of subG1 accumulation, annexin V, pancaspase, and caspase 3/8/9 measurements. Moreover, cisplatin/SK2 provided more oxidative stress and DNA damage in oral cancer cells than independent treatments. Oxidative stress inhibitors rescued the cisplatin/SK2-induced antiproliferation and oxidative stress generation. Moreover, cisplatin/SK2 induced more antiproliferation, apoptosis, oxidative stress, and DNA damage in oral cancer cells than in normal oral cells (S-G). In conclusion, low-dose cisplatin/SK2 combined treatment promoted selective and synergistic antiproliferation in oral cancer cells depending on oxidative-stress-associated responses.
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