Data on ceftaroline (CPT) susceptibility amongst clinical isolates of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, n=1284) and phenotypic non-extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing (non-ESBL-P) Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=466), obtained from the Antimicrobial Testing Leadership and Surveillance (ATLAS) programme from 2012 to 2018, and selected MRSA isolates from patients with bloodstream infections (BSIs) (n=95) from the Surveillance of Multicentre Antimicrobial Resistance in Taiwan (SMART) programme from 2018 to 2019 were analysed. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ATLAS isolates were determined using the broth microdilution method, whereas the MICs of SMART BSI-MRSA isolates were determined using the Etest and MicroScan system. The pharmacokinetic profiles and pharmacodynamic parameters of CPT were applied to explore the optimal dosage against infections caused by Taiwanese MRSA and K. pneumoniae isolates. Approximately 7.1% of ATLAS MRSA isolates were susceptible-dose dependent (S-DD) to CPT, and 19.7% of the non-ESBL-P K. pneumoniae isolates were not susceptible to CPT. Amongst the ATLAS MRSA isolates, the S-DD rates to CPT amongst isolates causing lower respiratory tract infections were 11.9% and 8.5% for isolates from intensive care units (ICUs) and general wards (GWs), and those causing skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) were 20% and 5.3% for isolates from ICUs and GWs, respectively (P=0.015). Of the SSTI MRSA isolates from GWs, 22.7% displayed vancomycin MICs >1 mg/L. Amongst 95 SMART BSI MRSA isolates, 28 (46.7%) isolates exhibited lower CPT MICs by the Etest compared with 60 isolates with CPT MICs of 1–2 mg/L by the MicroScan system. CPT 600 mg as a 2-h intravenous infusion every 8 h is suggested for treatment of infections caused by MRSA and phenotypic non-ESBL-P K. pneumoniae in Taiwan.
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