The production of superoxide radicals as a result of decreased Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase activity is considered to be the most important factor in the pathogenesis of diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC)-induced gastric antral ulcers in rats. The aim of the present study was to identify possible sources of superoxide radicals and the role of platelet-activating factor (PAF) in DDC-induced ulcer formation. Groups of rats were pretreated with a drug or antiserum before DDC (800 mg/ kg) administration. The size of the DDC-induced gastric antral ulcers was measured. Pretreatment with anti-rat polymorphonuclear leukocyte serum or CV-3988 (a specific antagonist of PAF) 20 mg/kg significantly reduced the size of DDC-induced gastric antral ulcers. The results confirmed that superoxide radicals play an important role in the pathogenesis of DDC-induced gastric ulcer in rats and suggested that NADH (reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate) oxidase in PAF-activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes may be involved in the generation of these radicals.
|頁（從 - 到）||131-134|
|期刊||Journal of the Formosan Medical Association|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 2月 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 醫藥 (全部)