To evaluate the recurrence of a bladder tumor on the prostate fossa and bladder neck in patients undergoing simultaneous transurethral resection of a bladder tumor (TUR-BT) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in our hospital, we retrospectively studied four patients who underwent simultaneous TUR-BT and transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P) in 2001 to 2004. The pathology was confirmed histologically to be transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder tissue or atypia cells and BPH. Two patients had bladder tumor recurrence at 18 and 33 months during the postoperative follow-up period (10-36 months, with a mean of 18.5 months). One at the bladder neck recurred 33 months postoperatively, and the other in the trigone area, near the bladder neck, recurred after 18 months. After another TUR-BT, there were no more recurrences in these two patients. No tumor progressed to the invasive stage. Tumor recurrence on simultaneous TUR-BT and TUR-P patients is a key issue of concern. We present a brief history of the four patients and a literature review. We concluded that conducting the two procedures simultaneously is clinically feasible for selected patients.
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