Ca2+-sensing receptors (CaSRs) are G protein-coupled receptors activated by elevated concentrations of extracellular Ca2+. In our previous works, we showed protein and functional expression of CaSR in mouse cerebral endothelial cell (EC) (bEND.3); the CaSR response (high Ca2+-elicited cytosolic [Ca2+] elevation) was unaffected by suppression of phospholipase C but in part involved Ca2+ influx through transient receptor potential V1 (TRPV1) channels. In this work, we investigated if extracellular acidity affected CaSR-mediated Ca2+ influx triggered by high (3 mM) Ca2+ (CaSR agonist), 3 mM spermine (CaSR agonist), and 10 mM cinacalcet (positive allosteric modulator of CaSR). Extracellular acidosis (pH 6.8 and pH 6.0) strongly suppressed cytosolic [Ca2+] elevation triggered by high Ca2+, spermine, and cinacalcet; acidosis also inhibited Mn2+ influx stimulated by high Ca2+ and cinacalcet. Purinoceptor-triggered Ca2+ response, however, was not suppressed by acidosis. Extracellular acidity also did not affect membrane potential, suggesting suppressed CaSR-mediated Ca2+ influx in acidity did not result from the reduced electrical driving force for Ca2+. Our results suggest Ca2+ influx through a putative CaSR-TRP complex in bEND.3 EC was sensitive to extracellular pH.
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