Self-referential processing in our brain-A meta-analysis of imaging studies on the self

Georg Northoff, Alexander Heinzel, Moritz de Greck, Felix Bermpohl, Henrik Dobrowolny, Jaak Panksepp

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

2012 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


The question of the self has intrigued philosophers and psychologists for a long time. More recently, distinct concepts of self have also been suggested in neuroscience. However, the exact relationship between these concepts and neural processing across different brain regions remains unclear. This article reviews neuroimaging studies comparing neural correlates during processing of stimuli related to the self with those of non-self-referential stimuli. All studies revealed activation in the medial regions of our brains' cortex during self-related stimuli. The activation in these so-called cortical midline structures (CMS) occurred across all functional domains (e.g., verbal, spatial, emotional, and facial). Cluster and factor analyses indicate functional specialization into ventral, dorsal, and posterior CMS remaining independent of domains. Taken together, our results suggest that self-referential processing is mediated by cortical midline structures. Since the CMS are densely and reciprocally connected to subcortical midline regions, we advocate an integrated cortical-subcortical midline system underlying human self. We conclude that self-referential processing in CMS constitutes the core of our self and is critical for elaborating experiential feelings of self, uniting several distinct concepts evident in current neuroscience.
頁(從 - 到)440-457
出版狀態已發佈 - 5月 15 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 認知神經科學
  • 神經內科


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