Background: Previous evidence indicated that total extraperitoneal (TEP) and transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) are advantageous in efficacy of inguinal herniorrhaphy. Therefore, our aim in this study was to evaluate the association of the two laparoscopic approaches on safety of inguinal herniorrhaphy. Methods: In this update study, we searched the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science and identified randomized clinical trials comparing complications in TEP and TAPP herniorrhaphy. We mainly used Peto odds ratio with 95% confidence interval (CI) for meta-analysis because of zero-cell. Results: Fourteen eligible trials recruited 659 and 682 patients in TEP and TAPP respectively. In overall pooling, although TEP had a higher seroma rate than TAPP (Peto odds ratio =2.01; 95% CI, 1.39 to 2.91), it had a lower scrotal/cord edema rates at immediate postoperative (Peto odds ratio =0.22; 95% CI, 0.09 to 0.57) and 1 week after inguinal hernia repair (Peto odds ratio =0.58; 95% CI, 0.37 to 0.91) than TAPP. Conclusions: TEP and TAPP have their own advantages in inguinal herniorrhaphy. TAPP was associated with a lower seroma rate, and TEP was associated with a lower edema rate. Therefore, shared decision-making on laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy with TEP and TAPP is still needed.
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