Resveratrol triggers the ER stress-mediated intrinsic apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells coupled with suppression of Rho-dependent migration and consequently prolongs mouse survival

Ding Ping Sun, Jui Tai Chen, Shun Tai Yang, Tso Hsiao Chen, Shing Hwa Liu, Ruei Ming Chen

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Neuroblastoma, the most common childhood tumor, are highly malignant and fatal because neuroblastoma cells extremely defend against apoptotic targeting. Traditional treatments for neuroblastomas are usually ineffective and lead to serious side effects and poor prognoses. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of resveratrol-induced insults to neuroblastoma cells and survival extension of nude mice with neuroblastomas, especially in the endoplasmic reticular (ER) stress-intracellular reactive oxygen species (iROS) axis-mediated signals. Resveratrol specifically killed neuroblastoma cells mainly via apoptosis and autophagy rather than necrosis. As to the mechanisms, resveratrol time-dependently triggered productions of Grp78 protein and iROS in neuroblastoma cells. Attenuating the ER stress-iROS signaling axis significantly suppressed resveratrol-induced autophagy, DNA damage, and cell apoptosis. Successively, resveratrol decreased phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein and induced cell cycle arrest at the S phase, translocation of Bak protein to mitochondria, a reduction in the mitochondrial membrane potential, cascade activation of caspases-9, -3, and -6, and DNA fragmentation. Moreover, weakening the ER stress-iROS axis concomitantly overcome resveratrol-induced decreases in translocation of Rho protein to membranes and succeeding cell migration. Interestingly, administration of resveratrol did not cause significant side effects but could protect the neuroblastoma-bearing nude mice from body weight loss and consequently extended the animal survival. In parallel, resveratrol elevated levels of Grp78 and then induced cell apoptosis in neuroblastoma tissues. This study has shown that resveratrol could kill neuroblastoma cells and extend survival of animals with neuroblastomas by triggering the ER stress-iROS-involved intrinsic apoptosis and suppression of Rho-dependent cell migration. Our results imply the potential of resveratrol as a drug candidate for chemotherapy of neuroblastoma patients.
原文英語
文章編號110645
期刊Chemico-Biological Interactions
382
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 9月 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 毒理學

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