Reminiscence group therapy on depression and apathy in nursing home residents with mild-to-moderate dementia

Chia Jung Hsieh, Chueh Chang, Shu Fang Su, Yu-Ling Shiao, Ya Wen Shih, Wen Hui Han, Chia Chin Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

46 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background/Purpose: Individuals with mild-to-moderate dementia often exhibit depression and apathy as manifested by symptoms of negative affect. The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not reminiscence group therapy (RGT) reduces depression and improves symptoms of apathy. Methods: The study was one of experimental design with a pre-post control group; 61 residents from two nursing homes were randomly distributed into two parallel groups. An RGT program consisting of 12 sessions, 40-50 minutes per week, was implemented for the residents in the experimental (intervention) group. The instruments used to collect data included the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, the Geriatric Depression Scale, the Apathy Evaluation Scale, and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 15.0. Results: After 12 sessions, the residents in the intervention group reported a reduction in depressed mood (Z = -2.99, p < 0.05), and showed specific improvements in their behavior score (Z = -3.10, p < 0.05) and cognition apathy score (Z = -1.95, p < 0.05). Neuropsychiatric I nventor y depression scores had also decreased (Z = -2.20, p < 0.05). Conclusion: RGT has significant efficacy in the treatment of depressed mood and apathy in patients with mild-to-moderate stage dementia. This non-pharmacological intervention reduced emotional distress among nursing home residents with dementia.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)72-78
頁數7
期刊Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
2
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 4月 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 醫藥 (全部)

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