Rationality and cognitive bias in captive gorillas' and orang-utans' economic decisionmaking

Penelope Lacombe, Sarah Brocard, Klaus Zuberbuhler, Christoph D. Dahl

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Human economic decision-making sometimes appears to be irrational. Partly, this is due to cognitive biases that can lead to suboptimal economic choices and context-dependent riskpreferences. A pertinent question is whether such biases are part of our evolutionary heritage or whether they are culturally acquired. To address this, we tested gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and orang-utans (Pongo abelii) with two risk-assessment experiments that differed in how risk was presented. For both experiments, we found that subjects increased their preferences for the risky options as their expected gains increased, showing basic understanding of reward contingencies and rational decision-making. However, we also found consistent differences in risk proneness between the two experiments, as subjects were risk-neutral in one experiment and risk-prone in the other. We concluded that gorillas and orang-utans are economically rational but that their decisions can interact with preexisting cognitive biases which modulates their risk-preference in context-dependent ways, explaining the variability of their risk-preference in previous literature.
原文英語
文章編號e0278150
期刊PLoS ONE
17
發行號12 October
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 12月 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 多學科

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