Prevalence of oropharyngeal dysphagia and risk of mortality among hospitalized COVID-19 patients: A meta-analysis

Chi Li Lee, Garry Huang, Kondwani Joseph Banda, Yu Hao Chu, Hsiu Ju Jen, Hsin Chu, Doresses Liu, Li Chung Pien, Ruey Chen, Kuei Ru Chou

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2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Post-extubation and neurologic complications in COVID-19 patients have been shown to cause oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD). We performed the first meta-analysis to explore and estimate the pooled prevalence of OD, risk of mortality, and associated factors among hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Methods: We searched Scopus, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, WHO COVID-19 database, and Web of Science for literature on dysphagia in COVID-19 patients. We used the generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) to determine the prevalence estimates of OD in the R software and the DerSimonian-Lard random-effects model in the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software to explore the risk of mortality and associated factors of OD, presented as odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). We used Cochran's Q, τ2, and the I2 statistic to assess heterogeneity and conducted a moderator analysis to identify moderator variables. Results: We included eighteen studies with a total of 2055 participants from the 910 studies retrieved from electronic databases. The prevalence of OD among hospitalized COVID-19 patients was estimated at 35% (95% CI = 21-52; low certainty of evidence) associated with a high risk of mortality (OR = 6.41; 95% CI = 1.48-27.7; moderate certainty of evidence). Intubation (OR = 16.3; 95% CI = 7.10-37.3; high certainty of evidence), use of tracheostomies (OR = 8.09; 95% CI = 3.05-21.5; high certainty of evidence), and proning (OR = 4.97; 95% CI = 1.34-18.5; high certainty of evidence) among hospitalized COVID-19 patients were highly associated with developing OD. The prevalence of OD was higher among hospitalized COVID-19 patients who were admitted in intensive care units (ICU), intubated, and mechanically ventilated. Conclusions: The prevalence of OD among hospitalized COVID-19 patients is estimated at 35% associated with a high risk of mortality. OD assessment among hospitalized COVID-19 patients who are managed in an ICU, prone position, intubated, and mechanical ventilated deserves more attention. Registration: PROSPERO CRD42022337597.
原文英語
文章編號05058
頁(從 - 到)5058
頁數1
期刊Journal of Global Health
12
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 12月 29 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 健康政策
  • 公共衛生、環境和職業健康

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