Genetic variations in DNA base excision repair (BER) genes may affect tumor sensitivity to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Thus, we investigated the effects of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in key BER pathway genes on clinical outcomes in male patients who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Seven SNPs from XRCC1, OGG1, APEX1, and MUTYH were genotyped using the Sequenom iPLEX MassARRAY system in samples from 319 men with advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma. The disease-free survival (DFS) rates of the MUTYH rs3219489 genotypes and those of the other genotypes differed significantly (log-rank test p = 0.027). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis showed that the MUTYH rs3219489 GG genotype was associated with poor DFS (recessive model: hazard ratio [HR] = 2.01, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.31–3.10; p = 0.002). The CT + TT genotypes of XRCC1 rs1799782 (dominant model: HR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.43–0.99; p = 0.044) and GG genotype of APEX1 rs1760944 (recessive model: HR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.00–2.70; p = 0.050) were associated with overall survival (OS). Carrying the two risk genotypes, CC and GG of XRCC1 rs1799782 and APEX1 rs1760944, respectively, (HR = 2.95, 95% CI = 1.47–5.88; p = 0.002) increased mortality risk. Our findings showed that carrying the two risk genotypes of XRCC1 rs1799782 and APEX1 rs1760944 was associated with poor OS, while the GG genotype of MUTYH rs3219489 was associated with poor DFS. Patients carrying the risk genotypes may not benefit from CCRT; therefore, they will need alternative treatments.
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