Postoperative recovery among head and neck cancer patients receiving microvascular free flap surgery with implementing nurse-protocolized targeted sedation: relationship of use of sedatives and mechanical ventilation to length of ICU stay

Su Hua Chiang, Mu Hsing Ho, Szu Hsien Wu, Chia Chin Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Purpose: Patients receiving microvascular free flap surgery are usually admitted to a high-dependency adult intensive care unit (ICU). Research is limited to investigate postoperative recovery among head and neck cancer patients in the ICU. This study aimed to evaluate a nursing-protocolized targeted sedation on postoperative recovery and to examine the relationship of demographic characteristics, use of sedation, mechanical ventilator to length of ICU stay in patients receiving microvascular free flap surgery for head and neck reconstruction. Methods: This retrospective study involves 125 ICU patients at a medical centre in Taiwan. Medical records were reviewed between 1 January 2015 and 31 December 2018 including surgery-related data, medications and sedations used, and ICU-related outcomes. Results: The mean length of ICU stay was 6.2 days (SD = 2.6), and the mean duration of mechanical ventilation was 4.7 days (SD = 2.3). The daily dosage of sedation used in patients who received microvascular free flap surgery was dramatically reduced since the postoperative day (POD) 7. Over 50% of patients switched to PS + SIMV ventilator mode on POD 4. Duration of sedation used (r = 0.331, p < 0.001), total dosage of sedation (r = 0.901, p < 0.001), clear consciousness (r = − 0.517, p < 0.001), and duration on mechanical ventilator (r = 0.378, p < 0.001) are correlated with the length of ICU stay. Conclusion: This study provides an understanding of the use of sedation, mechanical ventilator, and length of ICU stay to inform the continued education for clinicians.

原文英語
文章編號317
期刊Supportive Care in Cancer
31
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 5月 2023
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 腫瘤科

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