Objectives: Budgetary constraints force healthcare authorities to set priorities for optimal vaccine interventions. A comprehensive decision-making tool would help inform the best combination and sequence of introduction of vaccines within constrained budgets. Methods: Looking at available vaccines against pneumococcal infections in Taiwan (10/13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines [PCV10, PCV13] and 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine [PPV23]), a constrained optimization (CO) model was used to assess the optimal combination of vaccines in children and older adults that would maximize the quality-adjusted life years under predefined budget constraints. Scenario analyses were carried out to evaluate the impact of vaccine efficacy (VE) on the optimized solution. Results: The CO model demonstrated that the optimal sequence of vaccine introduction was PPV23 in older adults and PCV10 in children. The optimal solution was mostly driven by the potential to reduce disease burden in the older adult population. The VE of PPV23 in older adults and the VE of PCV vaccines against serotype 19A invasive pneumococcal disease had little impact on the optimal solution. Conclusions: The CO approach can be used to set priorities for introducing new vaccines while maximizing health gains per age group within the constrained National Vaccine Fund for the prevention of pneumococcal disease in Taiwan.
ASJC Scopus subject areas