Platelet-derived growth factor in the ovarian follicle attracts the stromal cells of the fallopian tube fimbriae

Ching Hua Yeh, Pao Chu Chen, Chiu Hua Chen, Che Fang Hsu, Rui-Lan Huang, Dah Ching Ding, Tang Yuan Chu

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8 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


During human ovulation, the fallopian tube fimbriae must move to the ovulation site to catch the oocyte. As the tissue-of-origin of the majority of ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), the fallopian tube fimbriae carrying a precursor cancer lesion may also approach the ovulatory site for metastasis. We hypothesize that platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in mature follicle fluid (FF) attracts the migration of PDGFR-expressing fimbriae toward the ovulating follicle. We observed that more PDGFR-β was expressed in the distal part than in the proximal parts of the fallopian tube, particularly in stromal cells in the lamina propria. The stromal cells, but not the epithelial cells, from normal fimbriae and fallopian tube HGSC were highly chemotactic to mature FF. The chemotactic activities were positively correlated with PDGF-BB and estradiol levels in FF and were abolished by a blocking antibody of PDGFR-β and by tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib. When PDGF-BB/AB was depleted from the FF, more than 80% of chemotaxis activities were diminished. This study suggests an ovarian follicle-directed and PDGF-dependent attraction of fallopian tube fimbriae before ovulation. The same mechanism may also be crucial for the ovarian homing of HGSC, which largely originates in the fimbriae.
期刊PLoS One
出版狀態已發佈 - 7月 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 一般醫學
  • 一般生物化學,遺傳學和分子生物學
  • 一般農業與生物科學


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