Background: The efficacy of the treatment of advanced gastric cancer is not very good. The response rate to the original etoposide-leucovorin-5-fluorouracil (ELF) treatment is 53% with tolerable side effects. Whether increasing the dose intensity by prolonging the duration of infusion with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and leucovorin (LV) from 3 to 5 days for advanced or metastatic gastric cancer patients would enhance the efficacy but not increase side effects is still unknown. Methods: Thirty-six advanced or metastatic gastric cancer and chemotherapy-naïve patients with measurable or evaluable diseases were scheduled to receive intravenous etoposide 100 mg/m2/day on days 2-4, LV 300 mg/m2/day intravenously and 5-FU 500 mg/m2/day intravenously on days 1-5, every 4 weeks. All patients who received at least two courses of chemotherapy were evaluated for tumor response, survival and response duration and toxicity according to the WHO criteria. Results: Thirteen patients showed a response, including five with complete response (CR). The overall response rate was 36% (95% confidence interval, CI, 20-52%) in the whole group and 46% (95% CI 28-66%) in the 28 patients with measurable disease. The median progression-free interval and overall median survival time were 5 and 7 months, respectively. The most frequent toxicity was alopecia (grade I/II 56.3%). The incidence of grade III or greater myelosuppression was 5.9%. No treatment-related death occurred. Conclusions: The efficacy of the modified ELF by increasing the dosages of 5-FU and LV is not superior to the results of the original regimen, yet it is a relatively safe and tolerable combination regimen for advanced gastric cancer.
|頁（從 - 到）||318-322|
|期刊||Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas