Objective: To explore the impact of outflow patency on radiosurgical outcomes of lateral sinus dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs). Methods: We retrospectively examined 83 lateral sinus DAVFs treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) between 1995 and 2020. Two neuroradiologists blinded to the therapeutic outcomes served as imaging evaluators on pre-GKRS digital subtraction angiography and magnetic resonance images. The sinovenous outflow of lateral sinus DAVF was scored using combined conduit score (CCS), ranging from 0 (total occlusion) to 8 (full patency). The patients' follow-up magnetic resonance and digital subtraction angiography images were used to validate the radiosurgical outcomes (obliteration or non-obliteration) of lateral sinus DAVF. Cox regression and Kaplan–Meier analyses were performed to determine the correlations between the variables and outcomes. Results: Among the 83 cases, 60 (72%) lateral sinus DAVFs achieved obliteration after a GKRS at a median latency period of 24.5 months. After adjustment for aggressive presentation, cortical venous reflux, straight sinus reflux, and optic nerve sheath enlargement, a CCS of >6 was independently associated with lateral sinus DAVF obliteration (hazard ratio: 2.335, P = 0.007). The estimated 36-month probabilities of obliteration were 80% versus 53.6% for lateral sinus DAVFs with a CCS of >6 versus ≤6. Conclusions: Lateral sinus DAVFs with a CCS of >6, indicating a nearly patent sinovenous outflow, were more likely to be obliterated after GKRS. Sinovenous outflow patency is a factor associated with therapeutic outcomes in radiosurgery for lateral sinus DAVFs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas