Mesona procumbens Hemseley is a well-known traditional herbal medicine used for heat-related ailments. In Taiwan, boiled extracts of M. procumbens are also used as desserts called grass jelly. In this study, the hexane extract from 75% EtOH of M. procumbens showed potent activities on inhibition of E. coli β-glucuronidase (eβG) and NO production and cytotoxicity against MCF-7 and HepG2 cancer cell lines. Furthermore, using various flash columns and HPLC chromatography on the bioactive layer led to the isolation of twelve compounds (1–12), including a new ent-kaurene, mesokaurol A (1), and a new germacrene derivative, mesogermapene A (2). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses, especially 2 D NMR and mass data. Biological assays showed that compound 9 (linolenic acid) had specific activity on inhibition of eβG (68.27%) at 100 µg/mL but was non-inhibitory to human β-glucuronidase. Compound 1 possessed significant cytotoxicity against MCF-7 (EC50 = 9.76 µM) and HepG2 (EC50 = 8.64 µM) cancer cell lines.
ASJC Scopus subject areas