The involvement of neural substrates in respiratory sensory gating remained unclear. This study aimed to investigate cortical and subcortical activations associated with respiratory sensory gating by using functional magnetic resonance imaging. First, we hypothesized that paired occlusions would induce neural activation in cortical and subcortical areas, including the thalamus and sensorimotor cortices. Secondly, we hypothesized that, in terms of parameter estimates in the general linear model, the activation effect size β ratios (βpaired/βsingle) would be less than 2 due to central neural gating mechanism. Forty-six healthy participants were included in the study. Our analyses showed that the βpaired/βsingle ratios for the supramarginal gyrus, basal ganglia, thalamus, and middle frontal gyrus were less than 2. In conclusion, our results demonstrated a non-linear relationship regarding brain neural activations in response to paired versus single occlusions, suggesting that respiratory sensory information is gated at the subcortical and cortical levels.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 神經科學 (全部)