Nanostructured TaN(O)/TaN barrier film formed by oxygen plasma treatment for copper interconnect

Keng Liang Ou, Ming Hong Lin, Shi Yung Chiou

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

6 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Oxygen plasma was used to treat an ultrathin TaN barrier layer (10 nm) to improve barrier performance. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and measurements of electrical properties, were used to evaluate the barrier performance against Cu diffusion. Nanocrystallization and oxidation occurred after treatment with oxygen plasma. A nanostructured amorphous TaN(O) layer with a grain size of ∼2 nm was formed on the surface of the TaN layer. The Cu/TaN/n+-p junction diodes resulted in large leakage currents after annealing at 525°C for 1 h, while the Cu/TaN(O)/TaN/n+-p junction diodes retained their electrical integrity after annealing at 650°C. Nanocrystallization effects of plasma treatments are believed to be able to suppress Cu penetration into the Si substrate and, hence, improve the barrier performance. Nanostructured amorphous barrier layers can lengthen grain structures to alleviate effectively Cu diffusion, thereby acting as much more effective barriers than conventional TaN films.

期刊Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters
出版狀態已發佈 - 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電化學
  • 一般材料科學


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