NADPH Oxidase Subunit CYBB Confers Chemotherapy and Ferroptosis Resistance in Mesenchymal Glioblastoma via Nrf2/SOD2 Modulation

I. Chang Su, Yu Kai Su, Syahru Agung Setiawan, Vijesh Kumar Yadav, Iat Hang Fong, Chi Tai Yeh, Chien Min Lin, Heng Wei Liu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

4 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly heterogeneous disease with a mesenchymal subtype tending to exhibit more aggressive and multitherapy-resistant features. Glioblastoma stem-cells derived from mesenchymal cells are reliant on iron supply, accumulated with high reactive oxygen species (ROS), and susceptible to ferroptosis. Temozolomide (TMZ) treatment is the mainstay drug for GBM despite the rapid development of resistance in mesenchymal GBM. The main interconnection between mesenchymal features, TMZ resistance, and ferroptosis are poorly understood. Herein, we demonstrated that a subunit of NADPH oxidase, CYBB, orchestrated mesenchymal shift and promoted TMZ resistance by modulating the anti-ferroptosis circuitry Nrf2/SOD2 axis. Public transcriptomic data re-analysis found that CYBB and SOD2 were highly upregulated in the mesenchymal subtype of GBM. Accordingly, our GBM cohort confirmed a high expression of CYBB in the GBM tumor and was associated with mesenchymal features and poor clinical outcome. An in vitro study demonstrated that TMZ-resistant GBM cells displayed mesenchymal and stemness features while remaining resilient to erastin-mediated ferroptosis by activating the CYBB/Nrf2/SOD2 axis. The CYBB maintained a high ROS state to sustain the mesenchymal phenotype, TMZ resistance, and reduced erastin sensitivity. Mechanistically, CYBB interacted with Nrf2 and consequently regulated SOD2 transcription. Compensatory antioxidant SOD2 essentially protected against the deleterious effect of high ROS while attenuating ferroptosis in TMZ-resistant cells. An animal study highlighted the protective role of SOD2 to mitigate erastin-triggered ferroptosis and tolerate oxidative stress burden in mice harboring TMZ-resistant GBM cell xenografts. Therefore, CYBB captured ferroptosis resilience in mesenchymal GBM. The downstream compensatory activity of CYBB via the Nrf2/SOD2 axis is exploitable through erastin-induced ferroptosis to overcome TMZ resistance.
原文英語
文章編號7706
期刊International journal of molecular sciences
24
發行號9
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 5月 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 催化
  • 分子生物學
  • 光譜
  • 電腦科學應用
  • 物理與理論化學
  • 有機化學
  • 無機化學

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