The brain−gut−microbiome (BGM) axis affects host bioinformation. N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) alleviate cognitive impairment and depression in older adults. This study in-vestigated altered microbiota−bile acid signalling as a potential mechanism linking fish oil-induced gut changes in microbiota to alleviate psychological symptoms. Sprague Dawley rats were fed a fish oil diet and administered D-galactose combined with chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) to simulate geriatric depression. The cognitive function, psychological symptoms, microbiota compo-sitions, and faecal bile acid profiles of the rats were assessed thereafter. A correlation analysis was conducted to determine whether the fish oil-induced alteration of the rats’ microbiota and bile acid profiles affected the rats’ behaviour. D-galactose and CUMS resulted in lower concentrations of Firmicutes, significantly altered bile acid profiles, and abnormal neurobehaviours. Fish oil intake alleviated the rats’ emotional symptoms and increased the abundance of Bacteroidetes, Prevotel-laceae, Marinifilaceae, and Bacteroidesuniformis. It also elevated the concentrations of primary bile acids and taurine-conjugated bile acids in the rats’ faeces. The rats’ taurine-conjugated bile acid levels were significantly correlated with their behavioural outcomes. In short, fish oil intake may alleviate psychological symptoms by altering the microbial metabolites involved in the BGM axis, especially in the conjugation of bile acids.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)