Objective: To apply motor control assessment for selection of appropriate spastic cerebral palsy children to receive selective posterior rhizotomy (SPR). Design: Forty children with spastic cerebral palsy (3-16 yr) were divided into three groups: "independent ambulator," "dependent ambulator," and "nonambulator." Another 18 healthy children were selected as the control group. Both motor control (tested by using polyelectromyography (PEMG)) and clinical ambulatory capability were assessed within 1 mo before SPR and 12 mo after. PEMG patterns were classified into seven patterns according to electromyographic activities during hip/knee flexion and extension. Gait patterns, which were analyzed by computer DynoGraphy, were classified into four patterns for children with ambulatory capability. Results: PEMG and gait patterns were correlated with ambulatory ability. PEMG patterns 2-3 could predict independent ambulatory ability, whereas patterns 6-7 will interfere with ambulatory ability. PEMG patterns showed significant improvement after SPR in the ambulatory groups (P < 0.05), whereas they did not improve in the nonambulator group. Children with cerebral palsy with co-contraction of proximal/distal muscles had better results after SPR1 whereas those with diffuse co-contraction or reduced electromyography activities had poor results. Conclusions: PEMG patterns may allow the physician to select the appropriate children with spastic cerebral palsy to receive SPR with good results.
|頁（從 - 到）||441-450|
|期刊||American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 2000|
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