The main work of this paper can be divided into three parts: (1) An aluminium ion battery is made, the battery capacity is calibrated under a constant current, and the battery's voltage and current data under pulse conditions is collected. (2) The influence of the hysteresis effect on the SOC estimation of aluminium ion batteries is fully considered. A model suitable for aluminium ion batteries is established based on the model that the parameter identification and verification was carried out with. (3) The error with the EKF and AEKF algorithms in estimating the SOC of aluminium ion batteries is compared. The experimental results show that the model established in this paper can describe the working state of aluminium ion batteries very well. Compared with the EKF algorithm, the AEKF algorithm is more accurate in estimating the SOC of aluminium ion batteries.
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