Background: We sought to elucidate whether minocycline, a broad-spectrum tetracycline antibiotic with potent anti-inflammation capacity, could mitigate inflammatory response and organ dysfunction in the lungs and liver induced by hemorrhagic shock/resuscitation (HS) plus abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). Materials and methods: Adult male rats were randomized to receive HS plus ACS or HS plus ACS plus minocycline (denoted as the HS/A and HS/A-M group, respectively; n = 12). Sham-instrumentation groups were employed to serve as the controls. Hemorrhagic shock/resuscitation was induced by blood drawing (mean arterial pressure: 40-45 mm Hg for 60 min) followed by shed blood/saline mixture reinfusion. Subsequently, intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) was increased to 25 mm Hg by injecting air into the preplaced intraperitoneal latex balloon to induce ACS. Minocycline (20 mg/kg) was intravenously administered immediately after resuscitation. IAP was maintained at 25 mm Hg for 6 h. Then, all rats were euthanized. Results: The levels of polymorphonuclear leukocyte infiltration, the wet/dry weight ratio, and the concentrations of inflammatory molecules (e.g., chemokine, cytokine, and prostaglandin E2) in lung and liver tissues of the HS/A group were significantly higher than those of the HS/A-M groups (all P <0.05). Moreover, the levels of lung dysfunction (assayed by arterial blood gas) and liver dysfunction (assayed by plasma concentrations of bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase, and alaninine aminotransferase) of the HS/A group were significantly higher than those of the HS/A-M group (all P <0.05). Conclusions: Minocycline ameliorates inflammatory response and organ dysfunction in the lungs and liver induced by hemorrhagic shock/resuscitation plus abdominal compartment syndrome.
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