Loss of TIMP3 by promoter methylation of Sp1 binding site promotes oral cancer metastasis

Chun Wen Su, Yu Chao Chang, Ming Hsien Chien, Yi Hsien Hsieh, Mu Kuan Chen, Chiao Wen Lin, Shun Fa Yang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

44 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


The tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP3) is the only member of the TIMP family that binds to the extracellular matrix and suppresses cancer cell growth, angiogenesis, migration, and invasion. However, whether the abnormal expression and promoter methylation of TIMP3 facilitates oral cancer metastasis remain unclear. In this study, the DNA methylation levels of TIMP3 CpG islands were assessed through pyrosequencing. Artificial modulation of TIMP3 was performed to explore the role of TIMP3 in tumor metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Our results showed that the suppression of TIMP3 transcription by DNA methylation involves the inhibition of the binding of the transcription factor Sp1 to the TIMP3 promoter as well as the upregulation of DNMT1 and DNMT3B. Functional analyses revealed that TIMP3 overexpression reduced migration and invasion abilities in oral cancer cells and inhibited lymph node metastasis in vivo. Moreover, TIMP3 regulated epithelial–mesenchymal transition by increasing the expression of the epithelial markers and reducing the expression of the mesenchymal markers. In conclusion, our findings suggested that the suppression of TIMP3 by DNA methylation contributes to oral cancer metastasis.
期刊Cell Death and Disease
出版狀態已發佈 - 11月 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 免疫學
  • 細胞與分子神經科學
  • 細胞生物學
  • 癌症研究


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