Purpose: This study aims to compare the results of laparoscopy and open surgery for idiopathic intussusception in children as well as evaluate the efficacy of ileopexy. Methods and materials: Between January 2007 and July 2013, children aged <18 years who were operated for intussusception in our institution were reviewed. Patients were classified into two groups, laparoscopy (LAP) and open (OPEN). Both groups were further divided into two subgroups, ileopexy (IP) and non-ileopexy (NIP). Parameters investigated included age, gender, operative indication, surgical procedure, type of intussusception, level of intussusceptum, presence of spontaneously reduced intussusception and pathologic lead points, operative time (OP time), time to oral intake (PO time), length of postoperative hospital stay (LOS), and surgical recurrence. Results: There were 23 and 35 patients in LAP and OPEN group, respectively. No significant difference was found on age, operative indication, surgical procedure, type of intussusception, level of intussusceptum, and presence of spontaneously reduced intussusception between both groups. In LAP group, mean OP time was significantly longer; mean PO time and LOS were significantly shorter. One surgical recurrence occurred in each group (p = 0.76). In comparison of LAP-IP (n = 15) and LAP-NIP (n = 8), OP time, PO time, and LOS were similar in both subgroups. One recurrence was noted in LAP-IP (p = 0.46). The overall conversion rate was 13.0 % (6.8 vs. 25 %, p = 0.21). Compared to patients with intussusceptum to ascending colon, the conversion rate was significantly higher in patients with intussusceptum to transverse and descending colon. With the exclusion of conversion, OP time was significantly shorter in LAP-NIP (p = 0.01). Conclusion: Laparoscopy should be considered the primary modality for radiologically irreducible or recurrent idiopathic intussusception in children. Ileopexy provides no benefit on recurrence prevention but contributes to longer OP time.
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