Glass-ceramic spray deposition (GCSD) is a novel technique for coating lithium disilicate (LD) glass-ceramics onto zirconia through simple tempering steps. GCSD has been proven to improve the bonding of zirconia to resin cement, but the effect of etching time on GCSD and the long-term durability of the bond achieved remain unknown. The effects of air abrasion with aluminum particles (ABB) and air abrasion (GAB) or etching with 5.0% hydrogen fluoride (HF) for 20, 60, 90, and 120 s (G20, G60, G90, and G120) on the resin cement–zirconia bond were studied. LD was included as a control (LDG). The microstructure, sub-micron roughness, wettability, and phase changes of samples were analyzed. After resin cement was bonded to zirconia, half of the samples were subjected to thermocycling (5000 cycles at 5–55 °C). The bond strengths of the samples were determined in shear bond strength (SBS) tests (n = 10 per group). An LD structure can be formed on zirconia after GCSD and proper etching processes, which result in high roughness and a hydrophilic nature. GCSD and HF etching significantly improved SBS, with G90 and G120 samples with pre- or post-thermocycling exhibiting SBS values comparable to those of LDG (p > 0.760). The surface characteristics of the LD layer are influenced by the etching time and affect the SBS of the bond of zirconia to resin cement. HF etching for 90–120 s after GCSD results in zirconia with SBS and bond durability comparable to LD.
- lithium disilicate glass-ceramic
- spray deposition
- shear bond strength
- dental restorations