Tendon healing is a complex process involving inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling, eventually achieving a state of hypocellularity and hypovascularity. Currently, few treatments can satisfactorily restore the structure and function of native tendon. Bioactive glass (BG) has been shown to possess immunomodulatory and angiogenic properties. In this study, we investigated whether an injectable hydrogel fabricated of BG and sodium alginate (SA) could be applied to enhance tenogenesis following suture repair of injured tendon. We demonstrated that BG/SA hydrogel significantly accelerated tenogenesis without inducing heterotopic ossification based on histological analysis. The therapeutic effect could attribute to increased angiogenesis and M1 to M2 phenotypic switch of macrophages within 7 days post-surgery. Morphological characterization demonstrated that BG/SA hydrogel partially reverted the pathological changes of Achilles tendon, including increased length and cross-sectional area (CSA). Finally, biomechanical test showed that BG/SA hydrogel significantly improved ultimate load, failure stress, and tensile modulus of the repaired tendon. In conclusion, administration of an injectable BG/SA hydrogel can be a novel and promising therapeutic approach to augment Achilles tendon healing in conjunction with surgical intervention.
|期刊||Bioengineering and Translational Medicine|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 1月 2023|
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