Impacts of hyperthermic chemotherapeutic agent on cytotoxicity, chemoresistance-related proteins and PD-L1 expression in human gastric cancer cells

Bor Chyuan Su, Guan Yu Chen, Chun Ming Yang, Wei Ting Chuang, Meng Chieh Lin, Pei Ling Hsu, Chu Wan Lee, Chih Cheng Cheng, Shih Ying Wu, Bo Syong Pan, Hsin Hsien Yu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Objective: Gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis is considered to be final stage gastric cancer. One current treatment approach for this condition is combined cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). However, the therapeutic mechanisms of HIPEC remain largely undescribed. Method: In order to assess the cellular effects of HIPEC in vitro, we treated AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells with or without 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) at 37 °C or at 43 °C (hyperthermic temperature) for 1 h followed by incubation at 37 °C for 23 h. The impacts of hyperthermia/5-Fu on apoptosis, cell survival signals, oxidative stress, chemoresistance-related proteins and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression were measured. Results: Our results showed that hyperthermia potentiates 5-Fu-mediated cytotoxicity in AGS cells. Furthermore, the combination of 5-Fu and hyperthermia reduces levels of both phosphorylated STAT3 and STAT3, while increasing the levels of phosphorylated Akt and ERK. In addition, 5-Fu/hyperthermia enhances reactive oxygen species and suppresses superoxide dismutase 1. Chemoresistance-related proteins, such as multidrug resistance 1 and thymidylate synthase, are also suppressed by 5-Fu/hyperthermia. Interestingly, hyperthermia enhances 5-Fu-mediated induction of glycosylated PD-L1, but 5-Fu-mediated upregulation of PD-L1 surface expression is prevented by hyperthermia. Conclusion: Taken together, our findings provide insights that may aid in the development of novel therapeutic strategies and enhanced therapeutic efficacy of HIPEC.
原文英語
文章編號2310017
期刊International Journal of Hyperthermia
41
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2024

Keywords

  • Chemosensitivity
  • Hyperthermia
  • immune checkpoints
  • Stomach cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理學
  • 生理學(醫學)
  • 癌症研究

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