High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a versatile protein with intranuclear and extracellular functions. It is involved in invasion and metastasis in various human malignancies. However, the role of HMGB1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is unclear. We hypothesized that HMGB1 expression is a determinant of cellular invasiveness and metastasis in lung cancer. We examined HMGB1 expression in 48 NSCLC specimens by quantitative real-time PCR. High HMGB1 expression was significantly associated with clinically advanced stages (stage III-IV) (P <0.05) and was correlated to expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) (P <0.05). Patients with high levels of HMGB1 expression had poorer clinical prognosis. The expression level of MMP-9 and metastatic ability in vitro were significantly higher in an HMGB1-overexpressing human NSCLC cell lines (A549 and H23). The treatment with HMGB1 small interfering RNA reduced MMP-9 expression and the cellular metastatic ability in NSCLC cells. We also demonstrated that phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt and NF-κB-related pathways contributed to the HMGB1-induced MMP-9 expression and cellular metastatic ability.
|頁（從 - 到）||530-538|
|期刊||American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 11月 1 2010|
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