Background: Little is known about the association of inferior vena cava diameter (IVCD) and left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD) with mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). Methods: The single medical center observational cohort study enrolled 241 adult chronic HD patients from 1 October 2018 to 31 December 2018. Echocardiography results of IVCD and LVESD prior to dialysis were retrieved and patients were divided into high IVCD and low IVCD groups. Patients who received HD via a tunneled cuffed catheter were excluded. Study outcomes included all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Subgroup analyses of HD patients with high and low LVESD were also performed. Results: The incidence of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and MACE were higher in chronic HD patients with high IVCD (p < 0.01). High IVCD patients had significantly greater all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and MACE (log-rank test; p < 0.05). High IVCD patients are also associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality and MACE relative to low IVCD patients (aHRs, 2.88 and 3.42; 95% CIs, 1.06–7.86 and 1.73–6.77, respectively; all p < 0.05). In the subgroup analysis of patients with high or low LVESD, the high IVCD remained a significant risk factor for all-cause mortality and MACE, and the HR is especially high in the high LVESD group. Conclusions: Dilated IVCD is a risk factor for all-cause mortality and MACE in chronic HD patients. In addition, these patients with high LVESD also have a significantly higher HR of all-cause mortality and MACE.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 醫藥 (全部)