Heat stroke induces autophagy as a protection mechanism against neurodegeneration in the brain

Tsung Ta Liu, Chou Hui Hu, Chu Dang Tsai, Chuan Wang Li, Yuh Feng Lin, Jia Yi Wang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

27 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Heat stroke (HS) is defined clinically as a condition when core body temperature rises above 40°C and is accompanied by central nervous system abnormalities. In this study, we established a rat model of HS by exposing anesthetized rats to elevated ambient temperature (40°C) until core temperature reaching 40.5°C (HS onset). The rat was immediately removed from heating chamber, allowed recovery for various time periods, and killed for histological and biochemical studies. Our results indicated neuronal shrinkage and pyknosis of the nucleus and sustained up to 12 h recovery time in cerebral cortex. Elevated expression of autophagy-related proteins, including microtubule associated protein light chain 3 and beclin 1 in cortical tissue at various times (3, 6, 12 h) of recovery was observed. In addition, the number of autophagosomes stained by monodansylcadaverine, a specific autophagosome marker, increased after heat exposure but was reduced by pretreatment with 3-methyladenine, an autophagy inhibitor. Furthermore, heat exposure increased neuronal degeneration in cortical tissue, as evidenced by staining with the fluorescent dye Fluoro-Jade B for degenerating neuron. Pretreatment with 3-methyladenine in HS rats aggravated neurodegeneration. Taken together, these results suggest that HS induces autophagy as a protection mechanism against neurodegeneration. Modulation of autophagy may provide a potential therapeutic approach for HS and await further research.
頁(從 - 到)643-648
出版狀態已發佈 - 12月 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 重症監護和重症監護醫學
  • 急診醫學


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