Heartbeat-evoked cortical responses: Underlying mechanisms, functional roles, and methodological considerations

Hyeong Dong Park, Olaf Blanke

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

99 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The heart continuously and cyclically communicates with the brain. Beyond homeostatic regulation and sensing, recent neuroscience research has started to shed light on brain-heart interactions in diverse cognitive and emotional processes. In particular, neural responses to heartbeats, as measured with the so-called heartbeat-evoked potential, have been shown to be useful for investigating cortical activity processing cardiac signals. In this review, we first overview and discuss the basic properties of the HEP such as underlying physiological pathways, brain regions, and neural mechanisms. We then provide a systematic review of the mental processes associated with cortical HEP activations, notably heartbeat perception, emotional feelings, perceptual awareness, and self-consciousness, in healthy subjects and clinical populations. Finally, we discuss methodological issues regarding the experimental design and data analysis for separating genuine HEP components from physiological artifacts (e.g., cardiac field artifact, pulse artifact)or other neural activities that are not specifically associated with the heartbeat. Findings from this review suggest that when intrinsic limitations (e.g., artifacts)are carefully controlled, the HEP could provide a reliable neural measure for investigating brain-viscera interactions in diverse mental processes.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)502-511
頁數10
期刊NeuroImage
197
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 8月 15 2019
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神經內科
  • 認知神經科學

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