Glucagon-like Peptide-1 Receptor Activation Reduces Pulmonary Vein Arrhythmogenesis and Regulates Calcium Homeostasis

Chao Shun Chan, Fong Jhih Lin, Yao Chang Chen, Yung Kuo Lin, Satoshi Higa, Shih Ann Chen, Yi Jen Chen

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審


Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists are associated with reduced atrial fibrillation risk, but the mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear. The GLP-1 receptor agonist directly impacts cardiac Ca2+ homeostasis, which is crucial in pulmonary vein (PV, the initiator of atrial fibrillation) arrhythmogenesis. This study investigated the effects of the GLP-1 receptor agonist on PV electrophysiology and Ca2+ homeostasis and elucidated the potential underlying mechanisms. Conventional microelectrodes and whole-cell patch clamp techniques were employed in rabbit PV tissues and single PV cardiomyocytes before and after GLP-1 (7-36) amide, a GLP-1 receptor agonist. Evaluations were conducted both with and without pretreatment with H89 (10 μM, an inhibitor of protein kinase A, PKA), KN93 (1 μM, an inhibitor of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, CaMKII), and KB-R7943 (10 μM, an inhibitor of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, NCX). Results showed that GLP-1 (7-36) amide (at concentrations of 1, 10, and 100 nM) reduced PV spontaneous activity in a concentration-dependent manner without affecting sinoatrial node electrical activity. In single-cell experiments, GLP-1 (7-36) amide (at 10 nM) reduced L-type Ca2+ current, NCX current, and late Na+ current in PV cardiomyocytes without altering Na+ current. Additionally, GLP-1 (7-36) amide (at 10 nM) increased sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ content in PV cardiomyocytes. Furthermore, the antiarrhythmic effects of GLP-1 (7-36) amide on PV automaticity were diminished when pretreated with H89, KN93, or KB-R7943. This suggests that the GLP-1 receptor agonist may exert its antiarrhythmic potential by regulating PKA, CaMKII, and NCX activity, as well as modulating intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis, thereby reducing PV arrhythmogenesis.
期刊International journal of molecular sciences
出版狀態已發佈 - 9月 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 催化
  • 分子生物學
  • 光譜
  • 電腦科學應用
  • 物理與理論化學
  • 有機化學
  • 無機化學


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