Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists are associated with reduced atrial fibrillation risk, but the mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear. The GLP-1 receptor agonist directly impacts cardiac Ca2+ homeostasis, which is crucial in pulmonary vein (PV, the initiator of atrial fibrillation) arrhythmogenesis. This study investigated the effects of the GLP-1 receptor agonist on PV electrophysiology and Ca2+ homeostasis and elucidated the potential underlying mechanisms. Conventional microelectrodes and whole-cell patch clamp techniques were employed in rabbit PV tissues and single PV cardiomyocytes before and after GLP-1 (7-36) amide, a GLP-1 receptor agonist. Evaluations were conducted both with and without pretreatment with H89 (10 μM, an inhibitor of protein kinase A, PKA), KN93 (1 μM, an inhibitor of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, CaMKII), and KB-R7943 (10 μM, an inhibitor of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, NCX). Results showed that GLP-1 (7-36) amide (at concentrations of 1, 10, and 100 nM) reduced PV spontaneous activity in a concentration-dependent manner without affecting sinoatrial node electrical activity. In single-cell experiments, GLP-1 (7-36) amide (at 10 nM) reduced L-type Ca2+ current, NCX current, and late Na+ current in PV cardiomyocytes without altering Na+ current. Additionally, GLP-1 (7-36) amide (at 10 nM) increased sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ content in PV cardiomyocytes. Furthermore, the antiarrhythmic effects of GLP-1 (7-36) amide on PV automaticity were diminished when pretreated with H89, KN93, or KB-R7943. This suggests that the GLP-1 receptor agonist may exert its antiarrhythmic potential by regulating PKA, CaMKII, and NCX activity, as well as modulating intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis, thereby reducing PV arrhythmogenesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas