Functional magnetic resonance imaging signal has sub-second temporal accuracy

Yi Tien Li, Hsin Ju Lee, Fa Hsuan Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審


Neuronal activation sequence information is essential for understanding brain functions. Extracting such timing information from blood-oxygenation-level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) signals is confounded by local cerebral vascular reactivity (CVR), which varies across brain locations. Thus, detecting neuronal synchrony as well as inferring inter-regional causal modulation using fMRI signals can be biased. Here we used fast fMRI measurements sampled at 10 Hz to measure the fMRI latency difference between visual and sensorimotor areas when participants engaged in a visuomotor task. The regional fMRI timing was calibrated by subtracting the CVR latency measured by a breath-holding task. After CVR calibration, the fMRI signal at the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) preceded that at the visual cortex by 496 ms, followed by the fMRI signal at the sensorimotor cortex with a latency of 464 ms. Sequential LGN, visual, and sensorimotor cortex activations were found in each participant after the CVR calibration. These inter-regional fMRI timing differences across and within participants were more closely related to the reaction time after the CVR calibration. Our results suggested the feasibility of mapping brain activity using fMRI with accuracy in hundreds of milliseconds.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神經內科
  • 神經病學(臨床)
  • 心臟病學與心血管醫學


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