Feasibility of 18F-DOPA and 18F-FDG PET/CT for guiding decision-making for localized incidental neuroblastoma in infants under 18 months of age

Wan Ting Hung, Chia Ju Liu, Yen Lin Liu, Kuan Yin Ko, Shu Wei Chou, Hsiu Hao Chang, Yung Li Yang, Meng Yao Lu, Wen Ming Hsu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Background: Neuroblastoma varies widely in risk. Risk indicators in infants with incidental neuroblastoma refine treatment confidence for observation or intervention. The potential of functional imaging, particularly PET/CT, remains to be defined. Procedure: A retrospective review of infants under 18 months diagnosed with incidental neuroblastoma from 2008 to May 2022 in our institute was conducted. Before October 2015, incidental patients were treated similarly to symptomatic cases, undergoing biopsy or surgical excision upon diagnosis (early cohort). Post October 2015 (late cohort), treatment decisions were guided by PET/CT findings, with 18F-DOPA PET/CT confirming diagnosis and staging. For tumors with low 18F-FDG uptake, an expectant observation approach was considered. Patient characteristics, diagnostic methods, image findings at diagnosis, treatment courses, and responses were compared between cohorts. Results: Thirty infants less than 18 months were identified with incidental neuroblastoma and completed PET/CT at diagnosis. The early and late cohorts each comprised 15 patients. In the late cohort, nine out of 15 patients (60%) presented with localized FDG non-avid tumors were offered the option of expectant observation. Of these, seven patients opted for observation, thereby avoiding surgery. Treatment outcomes were comparable between early and late cohorts, except for one mortality of a patient who, despite showing 18F-FDG activity, declined treatment. Conclusions: This study demonstrates the potential utility of 18F-DOPA and 18F-FDG PET/CT scans in aiding clinical decision-making for infants with localized, incidental neuroblastoma. Given the concerns regarding radiation exposure, such imaging may be valuable for cases with suspected metastasis, initial large tumor size, or growth during follow-up.
原文英語
文章編號e30983
期刊Pediatric Blood and Cancer
71
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態接受/付印 - 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 兒科、圍產兒和兒童健康
  • 血液學
  • 腫瘤科

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