Aim: To investigate the factors affecting hemodialysis patients’ self-management ability at a dialysis center in Taiwan. Background: Taiwan has the highest incidence and prevalence of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in the world. Over 90% of patients with ESKD receiving hemodialysis (HD) and self-management behaviors are critical among these patients. Failure to adhere to self-managed care increases the cost of medical care and the risk of morbidity and mortality. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 150 HD patients were observed for their self-management behaviors and the factors influencing these behaviors including education level, comorbid conditions, biochemical analysis, depression, and social support, etc., were analyzed. Results: Self-management behaviors in HD patients were significantly impaired in the presence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, anemia, hypoalbuminemia, and depression. The major predictor of patients’ self-management was depression, explaining 14.8% of the total variance. Further addition of social support, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus into the regression model increased the total explained variance to 28.6%. Of the various domains of self-management, the partnership domain received the highest score, whereas emotional processing received the lowest score. Conclusions: This study found the important factors influencing self-management behaviors; through this acknowledgement and early correction of these factors, we hope to improve HD patients’ individual life quality and further decrease their morbidity and mortality.
ASJC Scopus subject areas