Background The concept of gingivoperiosteoplasty (GPP) in the mixed dentition stage as compared with secondary alveolar bone grafting (ABG) in management of alveolar cleft has not been much discussed upon. The authors present the experience with extensive GPP and ABG in the mixed dentition stage in complete bilateral alveolar cleft cases. Methods A retrospective review of nonsyndromic patients with complete bilateral alveolar cleft operated on with either GPP or ABG (iliac crest) in the mixed dentition stage with at least 1-year follow-up was performed. Dental occlusal radiographs were evaluated for level of bone gain using Bergland and Witherow scales. Statistical evaluation of clinical success and procedure-related complications was conducted using χ2 test and odds ratio. Results Twenty-four patients in the GPP group and 20 in the ABG group were comparatively studied. Clinical success rate as indicated by Bergland scales I and II (87.5% in GPP vs 82.5% in ABG; P = 0.731), complication rate (20.83% in GPP vs 30% in ABG; P = 0.484), and status of canine eruption showed no significant differences in clinical outcomes in both groups. Conclusions The technique of extensive GPP as described by authors shows equal efficacy to secondary ABG for management of bilateral alveolar clefts during the mixed dentition period.
ASJC Scopus subject areas