The gut mucosa is actively absorptive and functions as the physical barrier to separate the gut ecosystem from host. Gut microbiota-utilized or food-derived metabolites are closely relevant to the homeostasis of the gut epithelial cells. Recent studies widely suggested the carcinogenic impact of gut dysbiosis or altered metabolites on the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, liquid chromatography coupled-mass spectrometry and long-read sequencing was applied to identify gut metabolites and microbiomes with statistically discriminative abundance in CRC patients (n = 20) as compared to those of a healthy group (n = 60) ofenrolled participants diagnosed with adenomatous polyp (n = 67) or occult blood (n = 40). In total, alteration in the relative abundance of 90 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) and 45 metabolites were identified between recruited CRC patients and healthy participants. Among the candidates, the gradual increases in nine OTUs or eight metabolites were identified in healthy participants, patients diagnosed with occult blood and adenomatous polyp, and CRC patients. The random forest regression model constructed with five OTUs or four metabolites achieved a distinct classification potential to differentially discriminate the presence of CRC (area under the ROC curve (AUC) = 0.998 or 0.975) from the diagnosis of adenomatous polyp (AUC = 0.831 or 0.777), respectively. These results provide the validity of CRC-associated markers, including microbial communities and metabolomic profiles across healthy and related populations toward the early screening or diagnosis of CRC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)