Efficient delivery of an antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide formulated in folate receptor-targeted liposomes

Shih Jiuan Chiu, Guido Marcucci, Robert J. Lee

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

31 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Background: Folate receptors (FRs) are cellular surface markers for numerous solid tumors and myeloid leukemias. The aim of this study was to develop an antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide (ODN) carrier targeting FR-overexpressing cancer cells using folate (FA) as the targeting moiety. G3139, a phosphorothioate antisense ODN against human bcl2 mRNA, was evaluated in this study. Materials and Methods: G3139-containing liposomes were prepared using an ethanol dilution method. For the targeted formulation, 0.5 mol% of folate-PEG-DSPE was incorporated as a targeting ligand into cationic liposomes composed of DC-Chol/egg PC/PEG-DSPE at 25:65:10 mol/mol. Particle size and surface charge were measured and cellular uptake was assessed by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. The ODN-containing formulations were evaluated in FR+ KB cells for Bcl2 downregulation measured by Western blot. The cytotoxicity of the formulations was determined by MTT assay. Results: The G3139-containing liposomes had an average diameter of 80-90 nm with high ODN entrapment efficiency (70-80%). Incorporation of the folate ligand did not significantly alter the particle size and entrapment efficiency. The formulation exhibited colloidal stability in a serum-containing environment. In uptake studies, the folate-targeted formulation showed ligand concentration-dependent uptake that was up to 6-fold more efficient than that of the non-targeted formulation (p < 0.05). The uptake could be blocked by an excess amount of free folate, thus indicating an FR-dependent mechanism. Conclusion: FR-targeted G3139-containing liposomes showed promising transfection activity in KB cells. FR-targeted formulations were capable of specific targeting to FR-overexpressing cell lines and optimizing the amount of folate ligand in the liposomal formulation can result in more efficient antisense delivery.

頁(從 - 到)1049-1056
期刊Anticancer Research
發行號2 A
出版狀態已發佈 - 3月 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 腫瘤科
  • 癌症研究


深入研究「Efficient delivery of an antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide formulated in folate receptor-targeted liposomes」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。