摘要

Objective: Thyroid nodules are common and sometimes associated with cosmetic issues. Surgical treatment has several disadvantages, including visible scarring. High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a recent noninvasive treatment for thyroid nodules. The present study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of HIFU for the treatment of benign thyroid nodules. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library for studies evaluating the outcomes of HIFU for patients with benign thyroid nodules. We conducted a meta-analysis by using a random effects model and evaluated the volume reduction ratio, treatment success rate, and incidence of treatment-related complications. Results: Thirty-two studies were included in the systematic review. Only 14 studies were used in the meta-analysis because the other 18 involved data collected during overlapping periods. The average volume reduction ratios at 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment were 39.02% (95% CI: 27.57 to 50.47%, I 2: 97.9%), 48.55% (95% CI: 35.53 to 61.57%, I 2: 98.2%), and 55.02% (95% CI: 41.55 to 68.48%, I 2: 99%), respectively. Regarding complications, the incidences of vocal cord paresis and Horner’s syndrome after HIFU were 2.1% (95% CI: 0.2 to 4.1%, I 2: 14.6%) and 0.7% (95% CI: 0 to 1.9%, I 2: 0%), respectively. Conclusions: HIFU is an effective and safe treatment option for patients with benign thyroid nodules. However, the effects of HIFU on nodules of large sizes and with different properties require further investigation. Additional studies, particularly randomized controlled trials involving long-term follow-up, are warranted. Clinical relevance statement: Surgical treatment for thyroid nodules often results in permanent visible scars and is associated with a risk of bleeding, nerve injury, and hypothyroidism. High-intensity focused ultrasound may be an alternative for patients with benign thyroid nodules. Key Points: • The success rate of HIFU treatment for thyroid nodules is 75.8% at 6 months. Average volume reduction ratios are 48.55% and 55.02% at 6 and 12 months. • The incidence of complications such as vocal fold paresis, Horner’s syndrome, recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, hypothyroidism, and skin redness is low. • HIFU is both effective and safe as a treatment for benign thyroid nodules.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)2310-2322
頁數13
期刊European Radiology
34
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 10月 4 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 放射學、核子醫學和影像學

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