Efficacy and safety of purified starch for adhesion prevention in colorectal surgery

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Background: Adhesions within the abdominal cavity develop in as many as 90 % of individuals following abdominal surgery. However, the true adhesive condition of patients can only be ascertained during the second surgery. Methods: We conducted a prospective, non-randomized study to assess the anti-adhesion properties of purified starch in patients who had undergone colorectal surgery in the past and then needed a subsequent surgical intervention. Adhesion scores have been prospectively recorded in operation notes since January 2020 when patients underwent a second surgery. Patients who had received purified starch during their initial surgery constituted the purified starch group, while those who had not received anti-adhesion medical materials were the control group. The main objectives of the study were to evaluate the extent and severity of adhesions as primary outcomes, while secondary outcomes included measuring blood loss, operation time, and postoperative complications. Results: We analyzed the data of 101 patients, with 61 in the purified starch group and 40 in the control group. In multivariate analysis, adhesion severity (Odds ratio, 0.20, 95 % confidence interval 0.08–0.54, P < 0.01) and adhesion area scores (Odds ratio, 0.13, 95 % confidence interval 0.04–0.45, P < 0.01) were significantly lower in the purified starch group than in the control group. There was no significant difference in operation times, blood loss, and postoperative complications between the two groups. Conclusion: Purified starch is a safe and effective anti-adhesion material that can significantly reduce the severity and extent of adhesion after colorectal surgery.
原文英語
文章編號e21657
期刊Heliyon
9
發行號11
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 11月 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 多學科

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